Rome adopted a new Roma Plan in May 2017. The Plan aims to support Roma people to leave the encampments and integrate into the labour market and in society by improving their access to education, employment, housing and healthcare. The Roma Plan includes actions for labour market activation, professional training and services for housing inclusion.
About 4,500 Roma people live in Rome in temporary dwellings (encampments). They receive welfare benefits under the form of free basic housing and utilities. These services are so far provided for free, regardless of the residents’ contributing capacity and their eligibility. The city council of Rome decided in 2016 to support the integration of Roma people, in particular by facilitating their access to housing, employment, healthcare and education with the ultimate aim to close the encampments in which they currently live. A Roma Plan was adopted in May 2017 and sets to:
- map and do a census of the Roma people living in encampments
- gradually close down the encampments
- support the housing inclusion of the Roma community
- promote the inclusion of Roma people into the local labour market
- facilitate the access of Roma people to education and healthcare
To benefit from the support foreseen for them under this plan, Roma families must sign an agreement with the city, which sets out their rights and obligations. This agreement defines the commitment between the Roma beneficiaries and the city of Rome, and requires to individuals and families to actively take part to the plan’s activities, including vocational training, job inclusion, support to rent, compulsory schooling of children, compliance with the law. These conditions must be fulfilled to be eligible for support.
The Roma Plan aims to support the integration of almost 2,000 Roma people. The expected results are:
- the gradual closure of the encampments
- the prevention of the formation of new informal dwellings
- an increase in the capacity of local institutions to implement inclusive policies for Roma
The Roma Plan of Rome is an integrated project requiring institutional collaboration between different local services and different organisations working on social integration on the ground. The project will be gradually implemented, starting with the closing of the encampments of Monachina, Barbuta and Castel Romano during the period of 2018-2021. The intervention is co-financed from the multi-fund national operational programme NOP Metropolitan Cities (combining ESF and ERDF funding) with a budget of €3.8 million. Additional funding is made available from the city’s budget from the resources initially earmarked to maintain the camps that will now be used to support inclusion in employment and housing.
The plan is pilotting some innovations to Roma integration, such as a participatory approach to involve Roma in defining their pathways for social inclusion and an integrated approach to link up local services and local partners involved in the actions for Roma inclusion.
Further information: http://www.comune.roma.it/web/it/ufficio-speciale-rom-sinti-caminanti.page