Barcelona published a White Paper on the future of work and jobs based on deep analysis of the state of play of the local labour market and interviews with employment experts. Promoted by Barcelona Activa, the local economic development agency of Barcelona City Council, the book analyses concepts such as basic income, education, technology, robotics, the ageing of the population, women empowerment, new generations and flexible working hours. The White Paper provides a guide and recommendations to follow with a horizon of fifteen years and reflections at a local and European level.
The White Paper on the future of work and jobs presents different aspects of the local and global economy of the future from the point of view of sociology, economy, and law, among other aspects, as well as the perspective of experts in employment. Furthermore, it provides a guide on professions and skills for the future, from research and from the management of active employment policies.
By means of a more in-depth vision, it reflects on the changes that the labour market will undergo such as the management of work through the social networks, flexible working hours, or the empowerment of women with industry 4.0.
Future of work
The White Paper studies the growth of employment in different sectors between 2013 and 2033. According to different analyses, the workforce of the millennial generation, born between 1984 and 2000, as well as post-millennial, born after 2001, will observe the world as their employment portal and will be used to creating and managing their own personal work experience through social networks from a very early age and they will be more international, with better intercultural skills, inclined to undertaking projects and with a greater adaptation to the environment, compared to today's professionals. In addition, it ensures that a person can change not only companies, but professions, more than once or twice throughout their working life.
Within this scenario, it is foreseen that the new labour market will need more resources for innovation and training. Likewise, the modalities of flexibility in organisations will change. For example, in Spain, currently 54.8% work in the office with fixed hours, and within 15 years this percentage will fall to 5.1%. In contrast, flexible schedules, which today represent 8.1% of the total, will increase to 41.9%.
Empowerment of women
With industry 4.0 the jobs will open up opportunities for female talent. The role of women in the future, at a sociological level, with greater insertion and equality, will lead to a decline in their dedication to the caring of people, a leading role for centuries, as well as lack of staff in the social-health field.
Another of the points that is brought to the foreground is the Universal Basic Income. The aim is to consolidate a more efficient model that can have effects on the health and well being of all people. For example, in Finland it is found that among the citizens receiving a basic income, stress levels have decreased, they are more relaxed and are looking for work more actively. Barcelona is currently piloting an urban innovative action on minimum income - B-MINCOME.
Barcelona Activa presented the White Paper on the future of work and jobs at a seminar for city practitioners of EUROCITIES as well as to policy-makers at the European Commission, DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion, on 21 January 2019.
You can access the pdf version at the link below.